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Market zone

The first wind farm was completed in 1991. It was constructed within 2.5 km from the Danish coast and the city of Vindeby. It consists of eleven wind turbines, 450 kW each, with a total installed capacity of 4.95 MW. 25 years later, at the beginning of 2016, 84 offshore wind farms with the total installed capacity of 11 027 MW are located within maritime areas of 11 countries.

Total capacity of offshore wind farms in EU member states in the years 1991 - 2015

Source: EWEA, The European offshore wind industry - key trends and statistics 2015, 2016

In the last 25 years in the EU member states we have observed a huge progress in the amount of installed capacities (from about 5 MW to 11 027 MW), whereas in the countries outside the EU the interest in offshore wind energy could be observed since 2009 (102 MW of installed capacity).

In the beginning of 2016 in Europe there were 754 wind turbines installed and connected to grid. Total capacity of the mentioned installations is 3 018,5 MW.

» Read more about offshore wind farm market

Percentage share of countries installing new capacities in offshore wind energy in 2015

Source: Ewea, The European offshore wind industry - key trends and statistics 2015, 2016

The experience of European countries - such as Germany or Denmark, which have been executing offshore wind farm projects for years, prove that the development of offshore wind energy comes usually with a surge in the growth of the domestic services sector, activates business in the coastal regions and revitalises local communities through:
  • the development of the services sector for the purposes of offshore wind projects development, in particular in terms of:
    • geological and meteorological research,
    • monitoring and environmental analyses,
    • logistics,
  • extension and modernisation of storage facilities,
  • extension and modernisation of port facilities (construction of new ports); it refers not only to the stage of wind farm construction, but also to the stage of exploitation (service, maintenance, operation),
  • evelopment of companies involved in the production of wind turbines and associated components;
  • development of the transport vessels sector for offshore wind farms, construction and installation vessels, research and service units; it is a chance for restructuring the Polish shipyard industry,
  • modernisation of the onshore infrastructure for energy transmission (for the purpose of connecting offshore wind farms to the National Power System),
  • development of the science and research sector,
  • development of tourism - due to properly planned and implemented marketing actions an offshore wind farm can become a tourist attraction of a particular region; a good example of such type of dependency is the Nysted OWF , which - after commissioning - turned out to be the major tourist attraction of the region and a destination of exciting boat trips,
  • development of other branches of the service sector for offshore wind energy.