Offshore wind energy in numbers(on the basis of the data from EWEA, as for 02.2016)
- 3 230 offshore wind turbines operating in Europe, with a total capacity of 11 027,3 MW,
- 84 wind farms in 11 European countries,
- 69% of offshore wind capacity are installed in the North Sea, 18% in the Irish Sea and 13% in the Baltic Sea,
- 754 offshore wind turbines in 15 wind farms were fully grid connected in 2015 - 41% more than in previous year,
- in 2015 over 3 035 MW of new offshore wind capacity came online in Europe, a 108% increase over the 2014 market,
- 86,1% of new offshore investments are in the North Sea, 9,2% in the Baltic Sea and 4,7% in the Irish Sea.
- By May 2014 about 70 applications for location decisionsAccording to the Act on maritime areas of the Republic of Poland and maritime administration (Dz. U. [Journal of Laws] of 2003, No. 153, item 1502, with further amendments) an administrative decision confirming the possibility to use particular maritime area for the construction and exploitation of an offshore wind farm is the permit to erect and exploit artificial islands, installations and equipment in Polish maritime areas (PSZW).for offshore wind farms in Polish maritime areas (PSZW) have been submitted and 13 PSZW have been issued and in force (license fees for 9 have been paid within the statutory period of 90 days, and 4 are awaiting payment),
- PSE S.A. - The Transmission System Operator - signed a connection agreements with 2 investors for a total capacity of 2,25 GW. The investments could be connected by the end of 2025,
- The first Offshore Wind Farm in Polish Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) could be grid connected in 2021,
- A real potential for the development of offshore energy sector in Poland is 6 GW by 2030.
The website www.offshorepoland.eu is a professional source of substantial knowledge on wind energy in maritime areas (offshore) in Poland and in the world. It is also a platform for the exchange of knowledge and experience regarding the offshore wind energy sector (OWE).
Offshore wind energy is the future for the European renewable energy sector. Each year the efficiency of offshore wind technologies increases. The first wind power plants installed offshore were 2 MW turbines and did not differ significantly from the standard plants used onshore. Currently,the largest installed generators have a power rating of around 7 MW.In the test phase there are wind turbines with a capacity of 10 MW. In the next few years the capacity of the wind turbines is expected to rise up to 15 MW. For example,offshore wind farmwith a capacity of 315 MW will meet the electricity demand of over 83.8 thousand households.
Offshore wind energy is one of the fastest growing energy markets in the world. By 2011 there were 246 offshore wind power plants installed, with the total capacity of 866 MW. By 2012 installed capacity grew about 1296 MW - increase of 33% to the previouse year, and by 2013 installed capacity increased of 34% to the 2012. In 2014 installed capacity of 1483 MW which is 5,34% less than in 2013. The 2015 was a record year in terms of installed capacity. New capacity additions totalled nearly 3 019 MW, 108% than in 2014.
By 2020 even up to 40 GW are planned to be installed. The value of the market should reach EUR 60 billion by 2020. The experts estimate that the development of the offshore wind farm sector may create even 150 000 new jobs. These numbers may double by 2030.The current level ofemployment in the offshore wind energy sectoris about 41000 jobs.
In Poland there is a potential to construct offshore wind farms with the capacity of 0.5 - 1 GW by 2020 and 6 GW by 2030. Such development of the sector would mean investments of EUR 2.25 - 6 billion by 2020 and EUR 18 - 30 billion by 2030. For the purpose of support services for the Baltic offshore sector in Poland even up to 9000 new jobs may be created. Such potential cannot be neglected.
In Poland there are 70 applications submitted for the issuance of location decisions for offshore wind farms worth in total approx. PLN 300 billion. The minister in charge of maritime economy has also issued 13 permits to erect and exploit artificial islands, installations and equipment in Polish maritime areas. Due to the system, environmental, location and economic conditions, only few of the planned projects will actually be executed. An increased interest in the Polish OWF market of the investors, who represent major international and domestic energy groups, gives solid bases for the assumption that the offshore wind energy may in the 2025-2050 perspective become an essential element of the national power system.